The guidance on this page is suitable for large businesses in the public, private and third sectors. Small businesses should use the resources on our small business web hub.
Data protection exemptions, how they work and a list of available exemptions.
The immigration exemption, when and how to apply it, how it impacts individual rights and what happens when an immigration investigation becomes an criminal investigation.
The national security and defence exemption, how the exemption works and when to apply it, ministerial certificates, special rules for special category data, security obligations and law enforcement processing.
Recordings of ICO staff training on data protection exemptions, available for you to reuse.